Experience the national parks near Mt. Fuji

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National Parks of Mt.FUJI Area

Home > National Park Attractions > What is a "national park"?

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What is a "national park"?

A national park is a place that, in order to preserve superior natural scenic sites representative of Japan, limits development and other human intervention while providing necessary information and offering facilities for use to enhance the enjoyment of scenery and other means of becoming acquainted with nature.
National parks are administered through designation by the nation (by the Ministry of the Environment), grounded in the legal basis of the Natural Parks Law.
In Japan, a large number of people live within a small amount of national land and land has from ancient times been managed and used for various purposes. Thus, one feature of Japan’s national parks is that it is impossible to reserve all land within national parks exclusively for park use, in contrast to the situation in the United States, Australia, and other such countries. For that reason, Japan’s national parks utilize a natural park system of zoning, in which a park may be designated irrespective of the ownership of land and therefore contain numerous pieces of privately-owned property.
As a large number of people also reside within national parks and practice agriculture, forestry, and other industry there, the administration of national parks is conducted in coordination with people’s daily lives and with industries.
The area introduced on this web site is a vast site of 121,695ha situated in the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park (designated on February 1, 1936) that straddles the three prefectures of Yamanashi, Kanagawa, and Shizuoka as well as the Tokyo Metropolis.
Even within Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park, as the region containing Mt. Fuji, the highest mountain in Japan, this region is among the most prominent tourist spots in Japan. Various leisure activities can be enjoyed there, including not only mountain climbing but also camping and fishing.
Some 300,000 people climb to the summit of Mt. Fuji, renowned as the highest peak in Japan (3,776m), annually in just July and August, the climbing season. There are four climbing trails at present in total from the Yamanashi Prefecture and Shizuoka Prefecture sides, with each course offering its own distinctive characteristics. In addition, in the Fuji Five Lakes area, one can enjoy various activities including boating, getting relief from the heat, driving, and camping, with numerous tourists coming all year round.